Monuments Of India
There are many such monuments in the word which are very popular. Similarly there is some very popular monuments of India. India is very popular for historic places and rich in culture, temples, forts, traditions, heritage buildings, and palaces. Top 10 Historical Monuments Of India includes Old Churches of Goa, The Taj Mahal, Qutab Minar of Delhi, Charminar, Red fort and Jantar mantar, these are also few most visited Heritage Sites in India and Monuments Of India. These Historical Monuments Of India are the only wealth of Indian tourism along with other World Heritage Sites and Nature tourism places like wild parks and ancient temples of south India. Here we have listed down Top 10 Historical Monuments Of India with information and historical background.
1. Taj Mahal
On the bank of River Yamsua, the third Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan immortalized his love for his beloved queen Mumtaj Mahal by constructing this marble wonder as a tribute to her, when she died during the birth of their fourteenth child. This is on of best Monuments Of India, There is a controversy on the name of the chief architect of Taj Mahal but there are many sources, which propose the name of the Indian architect of Persian origin known as Ustad Ahmad Lahori for the credit. Its construction began in 1630 and master builders, architects, skilled masons and sculptors were imported from all over the world including Persia and Europe to contribute to the beauty of Taj Mahal. Twelve years of hard labor of about 20,000 laborers and millions of rupees went into its making This Monuments Of India.
2. Mysore Palace, Mysore
This monuments of India is Built by British architect Lord Henry Irwin in 1912, Mysore Palace is located in the heart of the city. An architectural wonder built in Indo Saracenic style, this palace features intricate interiors. Interestingly, Golden palanquin was used by the Maharaja which was then carried by elephants during the annual Dasara festivities. Goddess Durga’s idol is now placed inside the palanquin. The months between October to March are the most pleasant and offer a comfortable stay here. Avoid summers as they are very sultry hot.
Mysore is the cultural hub of Bangalore’s cosmopolitan modernity and these beautiful monuments of India is one of the best attraction. Mysore and Bangalore in many ways encapsulate the state of Karnataka. A weekend trip from Bangalore to Mysore is always one to look forward to. The 150 km route is dotted with numerous attractions. Bollywood buffs would recognize the rocky landscape of Ramanagara from the movie Sholay, while a detour showcases the Kanva reservoir, where some peaceful moments can be enjoyed in a serene location.
3. Hawa Mahal
On of the best beautiful monuments of India is Designed by Lal Chand Ustad, Hawa Mahal is built in red and pink sandstone. Hawa Mahal is located in hub of the Pink City. Interestingly, Hawa Mahal is more of a gallery and it was established in the year 1799 under the regulation of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. This palace is magnificent, expanding itself intp 5 floors. The style of the building is so well built that it takes the shape of a pyramid with a total of 953 windows exceptionally engraved in the Rajasthan style and designs.
Lal Chand Ustad, the draftsman of Hawa Mahal was stated to construct this palace in order to allow the empresses and other women from royal kinfolks to relish the view of nature by the open spaces (windows) which helps inflow of freezing breeze inside the fort.. Hawa Mahal can be reached via bus, auto-rickshaw, taxi or cars from the capital city. The months of September to February are the best time to visit Hawa Mahal.
4. Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
The Sanchi stupa stands as an unparalleled example of the majestic aura that is encompassed within the Buddhist style of architecture and monuments of India. Ancient relics of Lord Buddha are rooted within the dome- shaped structure of the stupa, which was how the structure looked until the dawn of the 1st century. The stupa borrows its esteem from its commissioner, Ashoka of the Maurya dynasty, whose stature can be well indicated in the terms of the stupa’s altitude. The 54 ft. high stupa tells the tales of Lord Buddha’s life through its mesmerizing carvings, whose intricacy personifies the architecture. Marked as a UNESCO world heritage site the stupa is visited regularly by uncountable visitors.
5. Victoria Memorial, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial is in The best monuments in India. it’s Located right in the heart of Kolkata, this memorial has been named after Queen Victoria. The elegant white marble structure is girdled by lush green gardens which together cover 64 acres of land. Small sculptures and statues, which are spread throughout the gardens, add further charm to the memorial premises. The memorial is illuminated by lights in the evening and runs high in terms of seraphic beauty. Don’t miss out on the evening show called ‘Son et Lumiere’ on your visit.
6. Gateway of India, Mumbai
One of iconic monuments of India, Gateway of India overlooking the Mumbai Harbor was built by the British in 1924. The Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the 20th century Mumbai, India. The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1991. In the modern times, the Gateway is a favorite picnic spot for locals and tourists. Dotted by dozens of street vendors serving lip-smacking local food along with balloon sellers, give this place a pleasingly happy vibe.
7. Qutub Minar
The Qutub Minar is a world famed structure which stands tall within the capital of the country, Delhi. one best in monuments of India Located at Mehrauli, the minar is about 240 meters tall and has got five storeys with a staircase which spirals all the way to the top. A building which has got great historical Places significance, the construction was started by Qutb ud-din Aibak in 1192 once he took over this region. A peculiar phenomenon is that the first three storeys have been constructed using red sandstone by Iltutmish while the other two storeys were built using marble and sandstone by the emperor Firoz Shah Tughlaq at different periods of time. The beautiful architecture, which attracts tourists from all over the country has been through a lot of important points in history. A cupola which was damaged in it was taken out of the building and has been set up nearby.
8. Char Minar
Hyderabad’s most popular landmark and monuments of India is Charminar is located at the center of the old city and surround by lively bazaars. It was built by Sultan Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 in honour of his wife Bhagmati, shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golconda to what now is known as Hyderabad. It is popular as the Arc de Triomphe of the East and considered as the legendary masterpiece of Qutub Shahi’s.
This monuments of India is define as its name from four intricately carved minarets, the four graceful minarets which means ‘Four Minars’. Charminar is in square shape with four towers in the four corners of the square, each side is 20 metres long. Every side opens into a plaza through giant arches, which overlook four major thoroughfares and dwarf other features of the building except the minarets. Each arch is 11 metres wide and rises 20 metres to the pinnacle from the plinth.
9. Golden Temple
The Harmandir Sahib is considered the holiest shrine by Sikhs. The 11th and eternal Guru Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is present inside Golden Temple. Its construction was mainly intended as a place of worship for men and women from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship God equally.
Sri Harmandir Sahib, is built on a 67ft. square platform in the centre of the Sarovar(tank). The temple itself is 40.5ft. square. It has a door each on the East, West, North and South. The Darshani Deori (an arch) stands at the shore end of the causeway. The door frame of the arch is about 10ft in height and 8ft 6inches in breath. The door panes are decorated with artistic style. It opens on to the causeway or bridge that leads to the main building of Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is 202 feet in length and 21 feet in width.
The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is the holiest literature in the Sikh religion, the tenth Guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 7 October 1708 made it the eternal Sikh Guru and the leader of Sikhism. Anywhere in the world where the Guru Granth Sahib is present is equally holy and precious to Sikhs. Harmandir Sahib was built with four doors to show that every religion or faith is allowed to go in to meditate or just listen to the prayers for peace.
10. Red Fort, Delhi
The Red Fort and the city of Shahjahanabad was constructed by the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 A.D. The layout of the Red Fort was organised to retain and integrate this site with the Salimgarh Fort. The fortress palace is an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shahjahan.