Top 15 Famous Historical places in India

Historical places

Similarly, all historical places have a legend of their own and a visit to them can prove to be a life changing experience. These famous historical places and stunning monuments spread across India are a pleasure for any traveler.  Here we have listed down 16 historical places with information and historical background.

Indian history is very much enriched and diversified with respect to its cultural and religious heritage.   The Indus Valley Civilization, which dates back from 3300 to 1300 BCE, was older than any other similar culture. Several dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, Cholas, Chalukyas, Pallavas, Mughals have left an ineffaceable mark on the history of the country.

Historical places in India

Gateway of India, Mumbai

One of India’s iconic landmarks, Gateway of India overlooking the Mumbai Harbor was built by the British in 1924. The Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the 20th century Mumbai, India. The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1991. In the modern times, the Gateway is a favorite picnic spot for locals and tourists. Dotted by dozens of street vendors serving lip-smacking local food along with balloon sellers, give this place a pleasingly happy vibe.

The Gateway of India is one of India’s most unique landmarks situated in the city of Mumbai. The colossal structure was constructed in 1924. Located at the tip of Apollo Bunder, the gateway overlooks the Mumbai harbor, bordered by the Arabian Sea in the Colaba district. People can visit the monument at any time of the day. The best time to visit the Gateway of India is during the period of November to March, as the post-monsoon climate is very pleasant and there are very less chances for downpours at this time.

Timings: Visit anytime

Entry fee: No charges

historical places

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Historical places in India

Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Maharashtra

Ajanta caves are located 99-km away from Aurangabad district in the state of Maharashtra, Ajanta caves were carved out from the 2nd century BC to 6th century AD. They were hidden in the midst of a lonely glen with a stream-let flowing down below. They were scooped out into the heart of the rock so that the pious Buddhist monk could dwell and pray.

These are the caves that the followers of Lord Buddha, embellished with architectural details with a skillful command of the hammer over the chisel, with sculpture of highest craftsmanship and above all, with the paintings of infinite charm. The entire course of the evolution of Buddhist architecture can be traced in Ajanta. During this time, images of Buddha interpreting his different life stories and several types of human and animal figures were carved out of rock in-situ.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 30 and Foreigners- INR 500

Timings: 8 am to 5 pm

historical places in India

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Historical places in India

Taj Mahal

On the bank of River Yamsua, the third Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan immortalized his love for his beloved queen Mumtaj Mahal by constructing this marble wonder as a tribute to her, when she died during the birth of their fourteenth child. There is a controversy on the name of the chief architect of Taj Mahal but there are many sources, which propose the name of the Indian architect of Persian origin known as Ustad Ahmad Lahori for the credit. Its construction began in 1630 and master builders, architects, skilled masons and sculptors were imported from all over the world including Persia and Europe to contribute to the beauty of Taj Mahal. Twelve years of hard labor of about 20,000 laborers and millions of rupees went into its making. Taj Mahal is on of the best historical places.

Entry fee: Indian – INR 40, Foreigner- INR 1000

Timings: 6:30 am to 9:30 pm (closed on Fridays)

historical places

Historical places in India

Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar is one of the best Historical places. The Qutub Minar is a world famed structure which stands tall within the capital of the country, Delhi. Located at Mehrauli, the minar is about 240 meters tall and has got five storeys with a staircase which spirals all the way to the top. A building which has got great historical Places significance, the construction was started by Qutb ud-din Aibak in 1192 once he took over this region. A peculiar phenomenon is that the first three storeys have been constructed using red sandstone by Iltutmish while the other two storeys were built using marble and sandstone by the emperor Firoz Shah Tughlaq at different periods of time. The beautiful architecture, which attracts tourists from all over the country has been through a lot of important points in history. A cupola which was damaged in it was taken out of the building and has been set up nearby.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 10 and Foreigners- INR 250

Timings: 7 am to 5 pm

Amer Fort Jaipur

Amer Fort

Amer Fort is an ancient fortress situated at a distance of about 11 km from Jaipur in Rajasthan This for is attractive in historical places . It is a magnificent structure dedicated to the ruling Kachhawa clan of Amber, stands perched at the top of a cliff next to the Jaipur-Delhi Highway. Its structural designing is an exquisite mix of the Mughal and Rajput schools of architecture, innovatively combining Redstone as well as white marble. The Amer Fort is genuinely one of the splendid draws of the pink city. Thanks to the Maota Lake lends this stately reminder of Rajput an imposing look. Inside the Amer Fort is the temple shrine of Shila Mata or the Kali Temple, who happens to be the family goddess of the Kachhawaha Rajput royals. The Amer Fort dazzles your eyes with its most striking formation called the Amber Palace. It is an inside building established by Man Singh.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 25 and Foreigners- INR 200

Timings: 9:30 am to 4:30 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Virupaksha Temple, Karnataka

The Virupaksha Temple is one of the most stunning landmarks in Karnataka and the main center of pilgrimage at Hampi. Temple is noted for its architecture and has been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Dating back 1,300 years, the magnificent structure consists of a layered tower of elaborate, hand-carved friezes populated by a bevy of Hindu deities and symbols. It believed that this temple has been functioning uninterruptedly ever since its inception in the 7th century AD. That makes this one of the oldest functioning temples in India.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 10 and Foreigners- INR 250

Timings: 6 am to 6 pm

historical places in India

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Historical places in India

Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu

Mahabalipuram is an ancient city located in the Kancheepuram district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is well known for its architectural marvels and is recognized as a world heritage monument by the UNESCO. Historically speaking, Mahabalipuram was once part of the Pallava Dynasty, a Tamil dynasty that ruled over part of southern India between the 3rd and 9th centuries AD. The epigraphical sources also say that the Pallava kings had active overseas contacts with Sri Lanka, China and the Southeast Asian countries. A significant amount of coins and other artefacts excavated from this region also indicate a pre-existing trade relation with the Romans even before it became a part of the Pallava Empire.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 10 and Foreigners- INR 250

Timings: 6 am to 6 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Konark Temple, Odisha

Devoted to the Sun God ‘Surya’, the prepossessing Konark Temple is the most spellbinding historic site in Odisha. The Kalinga architecture reflecting in its gigantic chariot, pillars and walls give the temple an Odiya touch. Also classified as ‘Black Pagoda’ by some European sailors, this UNESCO World Heritage site has also featured in the list of 7 Wonders of India.

The magnificent Khandolite rocks make the beauty of this temple even more alluring to the human eyes. On the shores of the Bay of Bengal, bathed in the rays of the rising sun, the temple at Konark is a monumental representation of the sun god Surya’s chariot. The temple looks like a chariot which stands on 24 wheels, pulled by 7 horses. Often referred to as the Black Pagoda, the temple was built in 13th Century and is famous for Kalinga style of architecture. Due to its beauty & attraction it features in the Seven Wonders of India.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 30 and Foreigners- INR 250

Timings: 6 am to 8 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh

The Sanchi stupa stands as an unparalleled example of the majestic aura that is encompassed within the Buddhist style of architecture. Ancient relics of Lord Buddha are rooted within the dome- shaped structure of the stupa, which was how the structure looked until the dawn of the 1st century. The stupa borrows its esteem from its commissioner, Ashoka of the Maurya dynasty, whose stature can be well indicated in the terms of the stupa’s altitude. The 54 ft. high stupa tells the tales of Lord Buddha’s life through its mesmerizing carvings, whose intricacy personifies the architecture. Marked as a UNESCO world heritage site the stupa is visited regularly by uncountable visitors.

On the small hill of Sanchi, approximately 9km from the ancient commercial town of Vidisha, numerous ruins of Stupas, temples, and monasteries lie scattered centering on Stupa 1, which is known as ‘Mahastupa’ (Great Stupa). Most of some fifty main structures are within the site, measuring about 380m x 200m, which is flattened out by ancient retaining walls.

This report

When happened upon by British general Taylor in 1818, this site of Buddhist ruins had been left deserted for centuries, being covered with vegetation. It was not untill 1912 to 1919 that it was academically surveyed and excavated on a full scale. John Marshall (1876-1958), the third Director General of Archaeology in India, conducted the excavation and published a detailed, voluminous report in 1940.

This report revealed that the constructions at Sanchi were generally separated into two periods. The first was from the age of the Maurya Dynasty to the Shunga and Satavahana Dynasties, that is, from the 3rd century B.C.E. to the 1st century C.E., and the second was the ages after the Gupta Dynasty, from the 4th century to the 11th century. Therefore, Sanchi functioned as a major  Bhuddhist center during almost all ages in which Buddhism flourished in India. The reason why Sanchi prospered to the point that so many buildings were erected, despite no direct relation to Buddha’s life, might be the protection and patronage of merchants in Vidishar.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 20 and Foreigners- INR 250

Timings: Sunrise to Sunset

historical places in India

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Historical places in India

Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh

Located in the small town of Khajuraho, the Khajuraho Temples have found a place within UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites and are visited annually by many visitors. This group of Hindu and Jain temples built by the Chandelas reflects the acceptance and respect for diverse religions during those times. All temples, barring one, are east-facing and glimmer at the break of dawn by the sunrise. The temples are famous for intricately carved statues and sculptures, some of which are remnants of the ancient culture of Kama Sutra.

These temples have raised many questions in minds of the people who visit these temples that the sculptures depict sex between deities or not. It is said that these sculpture depict that one should leave their sexual desire outside the temple while coming in the temple. There are also carvings depicting day-to-day living of other beings in 10th and 11th centuries AD; potter, farmers, women applying making, musicians, warriors and other folks. It also depicts the changes in body; physically and mentally, that take place in human body and facts of life.

These temples were constructed between 950 and 1050 AD. The main temples are dedicated to Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. According to the Hindu mythology, these three gods are believed to be creator, protector and destroyer of the earth respectively. There were total 85 temples in Khajuraho but now only 22 temples are in good condition. These temples spread around 8 sq miles long. Presently these temples are categorized in western and eastern group. About 45 km away from Khajuraho is Panna, from where sand stones were carried to build theses temples.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 30 and Foreigners- INR 500

Timings: 6 am to 10 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

Located right in the heart of Kolkata, this memorial has been named after Queen Victoria. The elegant white marble structure is girdled by lush green gardens which together cover 64 acres of land. Small sculptures and statues, which are spread throughout the gardens, add further charm to the memorial premises. The memorial is illuminated by lights in the evening and runs high in terms of seraphic beauty. Don’t miss out on the evening show called ‘Son et Lumiere’ on your visit.

The lawns of Victoria Memorial are always where you find colorfully dressed people enjoying some fresh air, breathing in the quiet on the vast lawns, or simply stretching their legs in the early mornings. Overlooking the lungs of Kolkata, the Maidan, the Victoria Memorial beckons the lovers and the lonely, families with kids, senior citizens and virtually almost all kinds of people in the City of Joy.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 20 and Foreigners- INR 200

Timings: 10 am to 5 pm (closed on Mondays)

historical places in India

Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Designed by Lal Chand Ustad, Hawa Mahal is built in red and pink sandstone. Hawa Mahal is located in hub of the Pink City. Interestingly, Hawa Mahal is more of a gallery and it was established in the year 1799 under the regulation of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. This palace is magnificent, expanding itself intp 5 floors. The style of the building is so well built that it takes the shape of a pyramid with a total of 953 windows exceptionally engraved in the Rajasthan style and designs.

Lal Chand Ustad, the draftsman of Hawa Mahal was stated to construct this palace in order to allow the empresses and other women from royal kinfolks to relish the view of nature by the open spaces (windows) which helps inflow of freezing breeze inside the fort.. Hawa Mahal can be reached via bus, auto-rickshaw, taxi or cars from the capital city. The months of September to February are the best time to visit Hawa Mahal.

Entry fee: for Indians- INR 10 and Foreigners- INR 50

Timings: 10 am to 5 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Red Fort, Delhi

The Delhi Fort Lal Qila, meaning the Red Fort, located in Delhi, India is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Red Fort, Delhi is one of the important building complexes of India which encapsulates a long period of Indian history and its arts. Its significance has transcended time and space. It is relevant as a symbol of architectural brilliance and power. Even before its notification as a monument of national importance in the year 1913, efforts were made to preserve and conserve the Red Fort, for posterity.

The Red Fort and the city of Shahjahanabad was constructed by the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 A.D. The layout of the Red Fort was organised to retain and integrate this site with the Salimgarh Fort. The fortress palace is an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shahjahan.

The Red Fort was the palace for Shah Jahan’s new capital, Shahjahanabad, the seventh Muslim city in the Delhi site. He moved his capital from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests. .The Red Fort stands at the eastern edge of Shahjahanabad, and gets its name from the massive wall of red sandstone that defines its eight sides. The wall is 1.5miles (2.5km) long, and varies in height from 60ft (16m) on the river side to 110ft (33m) towards the city.

Measurements have shown that the plan was generated using a square grid of 82m.

Timings: 9:30 am- 4:30 pm daily (Closed on Mondays)

Entry fee: Indians- INR 10 and Foreigners- INR 250

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Mysore Palace, Mysore

Built by British architect Lord Henry Irwin in 1912, Mysore Palace is located in the heart of the city. An architectural wonder built in Indo Saracenic style, this palace features intricate interiors. Interestingly, Golden palanquin was used by the Maharaja which was then carried by elephants during the annual Dasara festivities. Goddess Durga’s idol is now placed inside the palanquin. The months between October to March are the most pleasant and offer a comfortable stay here. Avoid summers as they are very sultry hot.

Mysore is the cultural hub of Bangalore’s cosmopolitan modernity and these two cities in many ways encapsulate the state of Karnataka. A weekend trip from Bangalore to Mysore is always one to look forward to. The 150 km route is dotted with numerous attractions. Bollywood buffs would recognize the rocky landscape of Ramanagara from the movie Sholay, while a detour showcases the Kanva reservoir, where some peaceful moments can be enjoyed in a serene location.

The city of Mysore is laden with attractions of many kinds. One needs to visit the centerpiece of the city, the Mysore Palace. It shows the pinnacle of the Wodeyar dynasty’s reign and is an architectural marvel that is visited by millions every year. Some of the structural highlights of this palace are the grand main approach, an arched gateway with towers. The architecture includes elements of Mughal, Gothic, and Rajput designs.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 40 and Foreigners- INR 200

Timings: 10 am – 5.30 pm (Closed on Sundays and govt holidays)

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar

Located in the heart of Amritsar, a small walk from the Golden Temple leads to the public garden of Jallianwala Bagh. Originally used for community meetings and religious discourses, the area became a bloodbath for peaceful protestors on the Vaisakhi day of April 1919. The best time to visit Amritsar is between November and March when the weather is comparatively pleasant and ideal for sightseeing and visiting the Jallianwala Bagh. Visitors can attend the light and sound show to experience the tragedy as it unfolded on April 13, 1919, when the then British Officer, General Dyer ordered his troops to fire machine guns on an unarmed peaceful crowd.

Entry fee: No charges

Timings: Open all days 06:30 am to 07:30 pm

historical places in India

Historical places in India

Fatehpur Sikri, Agra

Located at a distance of 40 km to the west of Agra, the erstwhile capital of Jalaluddin Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri stands as a vivid memory of the Mughal era. The highest gateway in the world, Buland Darwaza marks one of the finest surviving glories of the Mughal Sultanate as the entrance to the magnificent palace. The fortified ancient city was also home to the famous Sufi saint, Salim Chisti, who prophesied the birth of a male heir to the kingdom. Take a walk around the royal court of Diwan-i-Khas, marveling at the grand finesse of intricately carved walls. These famous historical places in India and stunning monuments spread across India are a pleasure for any traveler

Entry fee: Indians- INR 40 and Foreigners- INR 510

Timings: Sunrise to sunset (Closed on Fridays)

 

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2 thoughts on “Top 15 Famous Historical places in India

  • 24/12/2018 at 12:34 PM
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    Great Article Tramptraveler.
    I follow you assiduously.
    India is beautiful… and your post depicts it to the fullest. congratulations heard.
    Michael Jonson

    Reply
    • 27/12/2018 at 6:00 AM
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      Thank You

      Reply

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